Inside the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague. The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea.Independent judicial body established in accordance with the United Nations Convention.The Law of the Sea hereinafter referred to as the Convention. Which specializes in hearing cases related to the law of the sea.
According to the official website
The United Nations, the Convention was South Africa Phone Number opened for signature in Montego Bay. Jamaica on December 10, 1982. And the Convention entered into force on November 16, 1994. When Singapore was also one of the signatories. The Central News Agency reported that there are currently 168 parties. To the Convention, including 167 countries and the European Union.
The legal framework established by the Convention includes provisions for all marine areas. The use of the oceans and marine resources. the terms of the Convention also cover the territorial sea, the contiguous zone. the continental shelf.
The exclusive economic zone
The high seas. At the same time, the Convention provides for the protection and maintenance of the marine environment, marine scientific research and the development and transfer of marine technology.
The introduction on the official website mentions that the most important part of the Convention is the development and utilization of seabed and subsoil resources in areasbeyond national jurisdiction, and asserts that these “areas” and their resources are “the common heritage of mankind
The mechanism established by the provides for four alternatives for the settlement of disputes, including the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea.
The International Tribunal, an arbitral tribunal constituted in accordance with Annex VII of the Convention. And an arbitral tribunal constituted in accordance with Annex of the Convention Special Arbitration Court. In the South China Sea arbitration case in 2016, the Philippines requested the convening of a permanent arbitration tribunal in accordance.